Determinants of Students’ Study Abroad Decisions: A Systematic Review
The present study aims to explore extensive empirical literature on international student migration covering factors determining their study abroad decisions. A systematic approach is used to provide a contemporary and comprehensive review of the factors influencing the students’ perception to study abroad for higher education. Based on the analysis of the studies reviewed, trend, and patterns of student migration abroad are investigated. The findings reveal that cost of education, reputation of the institution, scholarships, job opportunities, influence of family and visa issues as the most dominant factors. Thus, the present study builds a strong theoretical framework for future researchers by systematically analyzing the 29 seminal studies and covering a period spanning 22 years, i.e. from 2002 to 2023. The findings of the study will help the government and policymakers to devise policy measures to ensure a smooth transition from the home country and adaptation of international students in the host country.